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    发布时间:2020-03-28 19:00:59 文章来源:中国日报网河南 阅读次数:204

      tt体育开户官网——SurveyonProjectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"inHandanCityByWangHui,InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourceofDRC,JinSanlin,ResearchInstituteofRuralEconomyofDRCJiangHaoduan,,tmanyoflandresources,whichha,atpresent,thenumberoftheda,accountingfor11%,,in2005,theoutputofrawcoalisabout2billiontons,ited,thereclamationoftheabandonedminingareasissignificbytheMinistryofLandandResources,,accountingfor11%,therateofnationallandreclaimedis12%,whichisfarlessthanthatofover50%’hearablelandisanimportantmeasurestoimplementscientificviewofdevelopment,adheretothemoststri,developcycledeconomy,establisheconomicsociety,andpromotetheall-roundcoelopmentandConsolidationPlanin2003,listing,,consideringlocalfeatures,somelocalgovernmentshavemadealotofachievementsandacquiredexperiencesthroughstudyingandimple,theprojectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"promotedbyHandanCityhasmadegreateffectsinpromotingthereclamationofabandonedminingareas,raisingtheefficiencyoflanduse,,,gicalsituationwithdesertedland,environmentaldeteriorationinminingareas,,withcloseupofpartialmineresources,regulationofminingindustry,andadjustmentofminingindustrystructure,miningindustry,economizeandutilizelandresourcesinminingareas,HandancityhasinvestedmorethanRMB100millionyuansince2003,andimplementedtheintegratedregulationprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".,andhasgainedpositiveeconomicbenefits,:Firstly,rcesdepartment,HandanCityhasmadeouttheintegratedregulationimplementationplanof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",stickingtothepolicythat"theonewhoreclaimsgainbenefits",,,onmentinalltheclosed-upminesintwoyears.Secondly,,HandanCityhasestablishedthemulti-channelinvestmentsystemwithself-raisedfundsbybeneficiaryunitsasthemajorway,andotherinvestmentassupplement,bri,thatis,nationallandresourcesdepartmentsubsidizesRMB15thousandyuanforthereclamationofeveryonehectareofland,withresourcesreservefundsaslaunchingcapitalfortheproject,andlocalgovernment,individualsandcollectivesareeffe,"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",HandanCityhassetoutandformulatedvariouskindsofregulationmodes,suchasturningwasteresidueandabandonedareasintoland,forcultivation,.Thesefeaturedmodesofreclamation,havemaximallyutilizedvariousabandonedlandbymines,andminimizedthecostofreclamation,whichhavenotonlyeffectivelyimprovedtheecologicalenvironmentoftheminingareas,,rectifyingtheorder,"threeregulations"thatmustbeoperatedsimultaneously—thecombinationofregulatingdisorderandregulatingmessy,thecombinationofrectificationandconformity,andthecombin,regulatingdisordermeanstostrictlysuperviseillegalactionintermsofprospectingandminingwithoutlicense,orbeyondthepermittedareas;regulatingmessymeanstoformulateandimplementtheplanofintegratingallthemineresourcesinHandanCity,optimizeandmakeall-roundadjustmentinthelayoutoftheminingfield,andtopromotetheexplorationandutilizationofresources;seekingpermanentsolutiontotheproblemsmeanstointensifythemanagementofminingrights,drivethecommercializationofminingrights,andpromotetheestablishmentofgreenminestargetingtheprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".Besides,intheprocessofreclamationoftheabandonedlandbymines,basingonoverallsituationofregionaleconomicdevelopment,startingfromindustrialtransformationfortheminingcity,andsolvingproblemsrelatedtominingindustry,mines,miningcityandminers,HandanCityhasexploredthenewtrainsofthoughtsinreclaimingabandonedlandbymines,andformulated"planofoptimizingtheregulationoflandforminesandlayoutofcitylandforconstruction".Throughregulationanddisplacementofabandonedlandbymines,underthepreconditionofassuringthetotalareaoffarmland,guaranteeingthequality,andmaintainingthetotalnumberoflandforconstruction,HandanCityhasoptimizedlanddistribution,,itisworthyofdrawinglessonsfromtheplan’srationalityandfeasibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Figure2ChangeofLogisticsCostoftheWholeSocietyDuring1991~2008Source:ratedpaceandthecargotransportationhasnotablydeclinedIntermsoftheaddedvalueofthelogisticsservice,fromthefirstquarterthroughthethirdquarterof2008,thea,respectively,%%,thegrowthofvalue-addedserviceaccelerated,withtheaddedvalueofthedelivery,,%fromayearago,,affectedbysuchfactorsasthefrequentoccurrenceofnaturaldisasters,theslackeningmacro-economicgrowthandtheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thegrowthofChinasmajorcargotransportationsectorshasgonedowninvariousdegrees(Figure3).Firstly,lmaintainedanacceleratedgrowtho%,,,thecountrywiderailwaycargotranspo%%respectively,yearonyear,,transportationbywaterandatcoastalseaportshasgonedownaftertheriseand,especiallyafterSeptember2008,Chinascargotransportationbywater,thevolumeofcargotransportationbyw%%respectively,,theairtransportationhasremainedsluggishduringthewholeyear,especiallysinceAugust2008,thea,thevolu,%%,respectively,yearonyear,ear. 

      ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.FangJinSincethe1990s,especiallyfromthebeginningofthe21stcentury,theinformationtechnologyrevolutionandthereformscarriedoutinvar,economicglobalizationcontinuestopressforward,bringingupnewfeatures;ontheotherhand,thegradualemergenceofmanydeveloping,takingtheoverallpatternforworldeconomicdevelopmentanditsnewchangesintofullaccountisamustinstudyingthefutureorientationforChina    ,economicglobalizationcontinuestopressaheadandassumessomenewfeaturesinitsdevelopment.  Firstly,,themarketsegmentationcausedbypolitic,theformerSovietUnioncountriesandmajordevelopingcoun,moreandmoreecmentoftradeliberalizationandgavebirthtotheWorldTradeOrganizationcoveringawiderrangeofareassuchasmerchandisetrade,,regionsandmultilateraleconomicrelationshavecreatedunprecedentedfavorab,grershasgivenmoreprominencetotheeffectsofcomparativeadvantageivisionoflabortointra-industrialdivisionoflabor,whileintra-industrialorint,transnationalcorporationshavegrad/,therelationshipofinterestsamongvariouscountriesandamongdifferentci,,anavalancheof380regionaltradeagreementshadbeenreportedtotheWorldTradeOrganization(includingthosereportedtotheformerGATT),,alargenumberofregionaltradeagreementsarecurrentlybeingnegotiatedanditisestimatedthat,allW,themassf,theamountofforeignexchangetransactionsonworldfinancialmarketreached4trillionUSdollarsperdayonaveragein2007,up154%,up160%,thefinancialcapitalflewmainlyacrossthedevelopedcountries;nevertheless,theproportionofcapitalflowingbetweenthedevelop,thevolumeofportfolioinvestmentandinvestmentinfinancial-derivativeshavebeengrowingrapidly,,theofficialreservesofvariouscountrieshavebeenaugmentedfast,andthedistributionofthereservesisquiteuneven,,thecurrentaccountdeficitsoftheUnitedStateswasequivalentto60%oftheworld%oftheworldGDP,andthetotalsurplusofthetopfivesurpluscountrieswasequivalentto53%oftheworld%ertrade,investmentandpersonnelflows,buttransactions,settlementsandreservecurrenciesareonlyconfinedtocurrenciesofaminorityofdevelopedcountries,,byusingtheirfinancialadvantages,haveshiftedtheirdomesticeconomicproblemsontoothercountries,,financialinstitutionsfrom-economyandfinancialmarketindevelopingcountries.    Firstly,itwillbehardfort,thelinksbetweenvariouscountries,underthejurisdictionoftheWorldTradeOrganization,themaximumbenefitfromit;therefore,,theinformationtechnologyrevolution,anotherimportantforceforeconomicglobalization,isstillontherise,andthepotentialforenterprisesandindividualstouseinformationtechnologytochangetransnationalproduction,operation,,thedrivingforceandthetechnologicalfoundationforeconomicglobalizationwillnotchange.  Secondly,theunevendistributiono,,theproportionoftheabsoluteimpoverishedpopulations(whohavelessthan1USdollaradayforliving)ofthedevelopingcountriesintheglobalhasreducedbyalmosthalf,,theproportionoftheabsoluteimpoverishedpopulationinSub-SaharaAfricahasgoneup,,theincomegapbetweenskilledworkersandnon-skilledworkershasbeenconstantlywid,thedifferenceinaveragewagesofAmericanskilledworkersandnon-skilledworkershasenlargedby30%.Theunevendistributionofgainshasworsenedtheconflictsbetweenvariouscountriesandamongdifferentinterestgroupsandislikelytochangetheglobalizationprocessandeventoincurretrogression,whichwouldproduceuncertaintyinfutureworldeconomicgrowth.tt体育开户官网 


      ByLaiYouwei,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo038,2010Inrecentyears,thegrowthofChinasserviceindustryasawholehasbecomevisiblyfaster,withbothmodesproducerserviceindustrieshRapidEconomicGrowthAsChinawidensitsopeningtotheoutsideworldandgraduallyimprovesitsinfrastructuresandmarketsystems,thecountrysproducerserviceindustrieshavealsodevelopedrapidly,providingastrongsupportforthedevelopmentofmanufacturin,theseindustriesstillrepresentasmall,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrywas13,134billionyuan,%%alcrisis,modernserviceindustriesandespeciallyproducerserviceindustrieshavemaintainedanexcellentdevelopmentmomentuminspiteofu,serviceeconomyspearheadedbyproducerserviceindustrieshasappearedinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandothercities,w,%ofBeijingstotaloutputvalue,theproducerserviceindustriesclaimeda60%shareofthetotaladdedvalueofthecityvidesNewGrowthFieldsforChinasEconomicDevelopmentInrecentyears,,publicnotary,legalassistanceandeconomicarbitration;theinvestmentandassetsmanagementservicesincludingprojectplanning,financialconsulting,acquisition,fundandprivatebanking;theeconomicappraisalservicesincludingassetsappraisal,verificationandtest;theconsultingservicesincludingmarketinvestigation,engineeringconsulting,managementconsultingandcreditservice;theproducerserviceindustrieswithgreatdevelopmentpotentialsincludingindustrialdesign,convention,exhibition,Internetinformationservice,e-business,,thevigorousdevelopmentofnewproducerserviceindustrieshasprovidednewgrowthfieldsforChina,theserviceoutsourcingindinscaleSincethebeginningofthenewcentury,software,informationserviceandotherproduce,serviceoutsourcingundertakenb,China%%to410,,citieslikeShanghai,Beijing,DalianandHangzhouallhaveinternationalserviceoutsourcingparks,nothepatter,Chinaonthsof2009,Chinahad3,287newenterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,offeringemploymentto585,,398,000newuniversitygraduateswereemployed,foreignserviceoutsourcingcontractsworthUS$%higheryearonyearweresigned,andcontractsworthUS$%,Chinahad8,060enterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasenormousdevelopmentpotentialsAsChinasserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillinthetake-offstage,,thafreshpushofthecentralandregionalgovernments,Chinasserviceoutsourcingindustrywillcontinuethestrongdevelopmenthatby2013,Chinasinternationalserviceoutsourcingindustrywillgrow43%annuallyonaveragetoUS$30billion,2,000la,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasscoredrapiddevelopmentdespiteinternationaleconomicdownturn,wemussserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillnotedforweakcorporatestrength,inadequateinnovationcapacity,unsoundpublicservicesystemandlimitedinternationalinfluence.LuZhongyuan,ZhangLiqun,,theChineseeconomymaintainedasteadyandrapiddevelopment,withcontroloverdemandbeingfurtherimproved,supplyfurtherenhanced,aggregatebalancecontinuallyameliorateda,:productionandcirculationofagriculturalandfoodproductscouldnotadapttotheeconomicdevelopmentandtotheimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard;integrationofexcessl(1),theGrossDomesticProduct(GDP)amountedto24,,%overlastyear,;%,%,%%,,withgrainyieldtopping1,000billionjin,,pigproductionwasbeingresumedandthetotaloutputofpork,beef,muttonandpoultrymeatcontinuedtoincrease.(2)Coordinationineconomic,thefixedassetinvestmentinthewholesocietyamountedto13,,%fromayearago,;consumptionincreasedfast,withthetotalretailvolumeofthesocialconsumergoodsduringthewholeyearamountingto8,921billionyuan,%overthepreviousyear,;adownwardadjustmentofexportgrowthwascarriedoutfromahigherlevel,andtheexportsinforeigntradereachedUS$1218billionduringthewholeyear,%,,thedemandstructureshowedanevidentchangefrombeingdrivenmainlybyinvestmentandexporttobeingpropelledbyconsumption,investmentandexport.(3),theindustrialenterprisesabovedesignatedsizeacrossChinarealizedaprofitof2,,%year-on-year;during2002-2006,profitsofenterpriseswitnessedanaverageannualincreaseof35%~2006,increaseinfinancialrevenuesinthesameyearswentupfrom500billionyuantonearly770billionyuan,andin2007thefinancialrevenuetopped5000billionyuan,withanetincreaseof1,000billionyuan.(4)%orsoascomparedtolastyear,andtotaldischargingvolumeofbothsulphurdioxideandchemicaloxygendemandsawadeclineforthefirsttimeinrecentyears.(5),theper-capitadisposableincomeofurbanandtownshipresidentsreached13,786yuan,%fromayearago,afterallowingforpricerise,%,,140yuan,%overlastyear,afterallowingforpricerise,%,,with200,000morethanin2006;attheendof2007,%,heeconomicperformanceof2007,ctjudgmentofthesituations,conducestosummingupexperienceanddrawinglessonsandisfavorableforenhancingthegovernment’sforesightinmacro-regulation.(1)RiseinhouseholdconsumerpriceswasthestructuralinflationcausedbyriseinsomefoodpricesIn2007,%,yearonyear,%.Peoplebecamemoreworriedabouttheeconorapideconomicgrowththatledtoasharppricerise,(Seetablebelow)thatamongtheex-factorypricesoftheindustrialproducts,growthofpriceindexesofthemeansofproductioncontinuedtodecline,whilepriceindexesofthemeansofsubsistencecloselyrelatedtofoodproductscontinuedtogoupand,asfoodproductsoccupiedasmallerproportioninallsocialproducts,theex-factorypriceindexesoftheindustrialproducts(includingpriceindexesofmeansofproductionandpriceindexesofmeansofsubsistence),non-foodpriceindexesmaintainedagrowthrateof1%orso,remainingstable;foo(inthesamemonth,yearonyear,%)FromJanuary-December2007 

    tt体育开户官网ByMaMingjie,ResearchOfficeDirectorofDepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch,sRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustrySincethereformandopeningup,theinnovationonChinas(from1980sto1990s):themanufacturingcapacityofenterpriseswasenhancedthroughtechnologyintroductionThemanufacturingcapacityismeanttotransformtechnologicalachievementsintomassproductionsuitedtodesignrequirements,includingtheprogressivenessoftheequipment,thetechnicallevel,theadaptabilityandtheworkmanshipofworkers,thetechnologicaldesignandmanagementability,alcompetenceofente,alarge-scaletechnologyintroductionwascarriedoutforChina,duetoChinasthenpoortechnologicalandindustrialconditions(evenboltsofthesamequalityasthoseofothercountriescouldnotbepurchased)anditslowermanagementability,,theimportoftechnologiesdur(from1990stothebeginningofthe21stcentury):thecapabilityofenterprisestoabsorbandintegratetechnologieswassteppedupDuringthisperiod,byintensifyingRD,theChineseenterprisessu,,theabi,theabilitytodesignthesystems,namely,theabilitytoproperlyhandl,rengthsarethebasisforthesuccessintechnologyintroduction,digestion,absorptionandre-innovationandthattherailspeedaccelerationconductedfo/horlowerwasachieved,therelativelycompleteequipmentmanufacturingsystemwasformed,whichlaidafoundationforfuturetechnologydigestion,absorptionandre-innovation("MadeinChina:TheOnlyWaytoModernizationofChinasRailwayTechnologyandEquipment",IntegrativeTransportation,August,2007).Despitetheconsiderableameliorationoftheabsorptioncapacityoftheenterprisesduringthisperiod,theirtechnicallevelremain,since1980s,,SouthKoreaandCanadaforthemakingofpassengertrains,buthadnotgainedthekeytechnologyforthemakingofCRHElectricMultipleUnitof200km/ofthesafetyanddependabilityofbogie,convertingandtractiontechniquesandbrakingsystem,(from2003tillnow):digestion,absorptionandre-innovationcharacterizedbyintegrationinnovationThisperiodwasma,theimportedtechnologiesweretransformedtoadapttoChina,thedesigningoftheElectricMultipleUnitwascarriedoutjointlywiththeforeignpartnersattheverybeginningofthetechnologyintroductiontosuittheproductbettertoChina,(hereinafterreferredtoas“ChangchunRV”),,there-innovationwasreflectedbythetechnologicalupgradingofacceleratingthespeedfrom200km/hto300~350km/,transnationalcorporationspossessingthehigh-speedtechnologyof300km/handabovehadbeenAlsthomTransport,Siemens,,unliketheforeign-dominateddesignwhentechnologieswereimported,there-innovationfeaturingtechnologicalupgradingwasmainlydesignedbyChineseenterprises,~350km/handaboveand16electricmultipleunits,markingthemomentwhenChineseenterpriseshavegainedtheabilitytoindependentlydesignandmanufacturehigh-speedtrainsof300~350km/,namely,theself-sustainingstandardsystemforhigh-speedtrainssuitedtoChina,digestionandabsorptionof9keytechnologiesastheleadingfactor,theindustrialchainofRD,designinga,onwhichacompletesetofChinasowntestingandacceptingsystemcanbesetup,includingthetrans,,atpresenttheChineseenterpriseshavemasteredtheinternationaladvasRailwayEquipmentManufacturingIndustry

    strycomplementarityfirstwhenwe,,ofanother,thesetwocommoditiesareconsideredascomplementarygoods,forexample,,complementary,thesetwoindustriesareregardedascomplementary,andsuchcomplementarityisdefinedas"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment".However,"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment"type,thereisanothercaseofcomplementaritycalled"onehaswhattheotherlacks"type,and,ry,,andnomattersuchcomplementaritytakesformsof"onehaswhattheotherlacks"or"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment",itiesamongcountries,,theinter-industrydivisionformsthecomplementarityof"onehaswhattheotherlacks",whiletheintra-industrydivisionshapesthecomplementarityof"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment"andb,threeindustrialrelationsleadtothreedifferentmodesoftrade:"onehaswhattheotherlacks"ismanifestedasone-waytradeamongindustries;"onesdevelopmentisdeterminedbytheothersdevelopment"ismanifestedasverticalintra-industrytrade;competiti,IndustrialRelationsandTradeModes,,geographic,climaticandothernaturalconditionsandalsoculturalandhistoricalconditions,differentregionshavedifferentconditionsfordevelopme,regionaldisparitieshavebeenwiinthe1980sbuthavebeenwideningsincethe1990s(LiuXiaming,2004;LiShantong,2004;WangXiaolu,2004;etc).Since2000,however,,thecountryhasintroducedawesterndevelopmentstrateg,weneedtohaveafurtherstudyoftheimpactthesepoliciesarehavingonpatternsinChineseregionalaldisparitiessince2000,rman,CVcoefficient,Theilindex,,nalyzeindicators(percapitaGDPandpersonalconsumptionlevels)thattypicalledtoreflectthestateofregionaldev,andtherecanbedrastically,sincedifferentregionshavedifferentpricelevels,shiftsinfactorincomesandtran,regionaldisp,itcanbenotedthatthemaximumvalueofpercapitaGDPforShanghaiwas13timestheequivalentminimumvalueforGuizhou,whilethesamevaluemeasuredusingpersonalconsumptionshowsthemaxim,tofconsumptngfigureillustratesthechangesinregionaldisparitie,theGinicoefficientfellrapidlyascalculatedwithpercapitaGDPatcurrentprices,,th,regionaldisparitiescontinuedtowiden,,theGinicoefficientevendroppedsomewhat(onepercentbelowits2003level).Comparedwiththeearlyyearsofreformandopeningup,thecurrentGinicoeffici:Percapita,’spercapitaGDPinthestatisticalyearbookisbasedonitspermanentpopulationanddiffersfromhistoricaldata,sandsomefiguresareupdatedaccordingtoregionalstatisticalyearbooks.


      Source:,theChineseleadingenterp,aforeignleadingenterprisegenerallyspentseveraldozenbillionyuanonRD,,suchasHuaweiandZTE,lesrevenueonRD,,HuaweiandZTEhaveasmanyRDpersonnelastheforeignleadingenterprisesdo,about10,000~20,,intermsoftheproportionofRDpersonneltototalcorporateemployees,,,namelythepercapitaRDspendingofaforeignleadingenterpriseandthepercapitaRDspendingofitsRDpersonnel,aforeignleadingenterpriseare5~~6timesthecostofaChineseenterprise,thegapbetweentheCems,includingthegloballa,byestablishingtheirsubsidiariesinthemaincommunicationsRDbasesaroun,mostoftheirRDinstitutionshaveintroducedtheCMM(capacitymaturitymodel)andIPD(integratedproductdevelopment),,theChineseleadingenterprisessu,ZTEhasestablishedapersonnelincentivemechanism,whichisresult-orientedandfeaturesthetwo-dimensionalevaluationbasedonperformanceandvalue,themandatorydistributionofevaluat,,whichisorientedtowardkeytechnologies,,andtheirRDeva,theCh,andtheirevaluationovationtechnologies,ovationtechnologiesbyrelyingonthe"low-costandqualityservices"andby,theChineseenterpriseshaveyett,irstacquirepatentrightsfortheirleadingtechnologiesandembedtheirtechnologicalpatentsinthetechnologicalstandardsbeforerelyingonthepowerfulmarketforcestopromotetheinternatioationandinmarketforces,theyarestillunabletoestablishthemarketizationcapacitiesfortheleadingtechnologies.Figure2ChangeofLogisticsCostoftheWholeSocietyDuring1991~2008Source:ratedpaceandthecargotransportationhasnotablydeclinedIntermsoftheaddedvalueofthelogisticsservice,fromthefirstquarterthroughthethirdquarterof2008,thea,respectively,%%,thegrowthofvalue-addedserviceaccelerated,withtheaddedvalueofthedelivery,,%fromayearago,,affectedbysuchfactorsasthefrequentoccurrenceofnaturaldisasters,theslackeningmacro-economicgrowthandtheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thegrowthofChinasmajorcargotransportationsectorshasgonedowninvariousdegrees(Figure3).Firstly,lmaintainedanacceleratedgrowtho%,,,thecountrywiderailwaycargotranspo%%respectively,yearonyear,,transportationbywaterandatcoastalseaportshasgonedownaftertheriseand,especiallyafterSeptember2008,Chinascargotransportationbywater,thevolumeofcargotransportationbyw%%respectively,,theairtransportationhasremainedsluggishduringthewholeyear,especiallysinceAugust2008,thea,thevolu,%%,respectively,yearonyear,ear.tt体育开户官网 

     
     

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